The Himalayan Cutia

The Himalayan cutia “Cutia nipalensis” is a bird species in the family Leiothrichidae. This amazing species inhabits the Himalayan region, found from north India along the Himalayas Nepal, Bhutan, India, Pakistan, Burma, adjacent south China , Thailand, Laos, Vietnam and peninsular Malaysia. The Himalayan Cutia diet consists of insects, larvae, pupae, gastropods, insect eggs, seeds and berries and pine cones. The species breeding season start from April to June. The bird like to make nest is an open cup made of pine needles and moss, placed at base of a pine branch against the trunk, 3 to 3.5m above the ground, sometimes up to 20m in a broadleaf tree. The bird scientific name means "the khutya from Nepal". However, the Cutia is derived from the Nepali name for these birds, and nipalensis is Latin for "from Nepal". This beautiful bird natural habitat is tropical to subtropical humid montane forests. It is not a bird of the high mountains however, rather inhabiting br…

The Fire-tailed Sunbird

Some birds are extremely eye-catching to see, and the first word you say “Wow”. The Fire-tailed sunbird is among those birds which have stunning colors of nature. The fire-tailed sunbird “Aethopyga ignicauda” is a species of sunbird in the Nectariniidae family mostly seen in northern parts of Indian subcontinent, and Himalayas and also in some adjoining regions in Southeast Asia i.e., occurs in Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand and Tibet. Its natural habitats are temperate forests and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests.

The male bird is 15 cm long, including their long tail, while female bird is about 2/3 in length. The Fire-tailed sunbird likes to live in conifer forests at altitudes upto 4,000 meters descending into the valleys during the cold season. The bird’s foods consist of insects, nectar, etc. and both parents take part in feeding the young. The birds population in large numbers and hence does not reach the thresholds for vulnerable and trend appears to be stable. Therefore, population has not been quantified, though only 10% reduction in last ten years. For these reasons the species is evaluated as least concern.

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